Dynamic Meditation: Catharsis and Celebration lnstructions for Dynamic Meditation *. Giving birth to yourself. Remember, rcmain a witness. Tlvo Powerful . -Osho -Come Follow To You Vol.3, Chapter # 8. Meditation means pure awareness, a mirror like quality of consciousness. Being utterly present in the here and. “Concentration and meditation are polar opposites. Concentration narrows down your mind; it is focusing on one point. It includes only something and excludes.
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ABOUT THE AUTHOR. Page 2 OSHO INTERNATIONAL MEDITATION RESORT. Page 2 MORE OSHO BOOKS. Page FOR MORE INFORMATION. the OSHO International Meditation. Resort and commented how much more strongly I feel the place today than before. I am increasingly aware. Osho has given a new vision of philosophy, which has been there from ages. In , he introduced his revolutionary meditation technique,. Dynamic.
It is poison to humanity. You cannot have true and complete democracy without financial and political equality, says Osho. An Osho insight on Love: We are greatly incovenienced because we don't know who we are when we are alone.
Read on to discover more How does one differentiate between the dictates of the unconscious mind and that of the inner guide?
Find out with Osho. Two new books by Osho are released: The Science of the Soul. An excerpt: Oh man, of course they will go nuts! Sannyasins seek to overcome patterns and values of a civiliza- tion founded on the control of nature, both environmental and psychic. Particularly in the modern West, affection is sequestered to comply with systemic requirements of efficiency, production, and consumption.
Emotion is delimited to the private sphere or to self-contained public spaces, such as entertainment, sports, and pop art, which, in turn, enhance social control and consump- tive capital. In the case of sannyasins, rather than rebelling against the status quo, they have chosen to engage with hedonis- tic, aesthetic, and spiritual practices to reform their own selves, to legitimate an individualistic lifestyle, and to influence their proximate environments. In this context, it must be asked what role the OIMR plays in their lives: Is it just an institutional escape valve that contributes to sustain the civilization it claims to question, or does it promote truly emancipatory experiments toward alternative experiences of the self and ways of life?
Therapy Workshops—Encounter Groups A board at the plaza announced about 20 new workshops each week. These events reflected the wider universe of psychospiritual, humanistic, and transpersonal psychologies in which sannyasins partake: Overall, there were always a few dozen thera- pists, instructors, and assistants at the resort.
The therapist in charge of the work- shop briefly interviewed me. She was American, in her late 40s, from a Jewish background. In a mutual interview, therapists screened those who were inter- ested in a workshop. They eventually denied access to someone deemed immature to be later examined. Have you ever done workshops like this before? The group of about 20 people gathered at the plaza, and I was introduced to the man who requested trans- lation.
The room was air conditioned and comfortable, with bright windows for viewing rich jungle gardens. There was no furniture other than a professional sound system, and the floor was covered with thickly cushioned mattresses and pillows, with piles of sheets around.
They mentioned a will to discover more about them- selves and to become better people.
Many participants wanted to get rid of traits that they disliked, such as a lack of self-esteem, shyness, or anxiety. These exercises were practiced individually, in couples, and in groups. Close physical contact full-bodied hugs, caressing, massage was common, regardless of gender.
The thera- pist reminded participants that they ought to become aware of emotional nodes and conditionings, particularly those that origi- nated in childhood. The basic premise—as in all cathartic workshops—is that the modern subject is forged through internalized authoritarian utterances, primarily carried out by parents with the end result perceived as being repressive and traumatic.
Even though emo- tional confrontation was common, physical violence was never employed in any of the workshops I attended or asked about. After each exercise, individual experiences were shared before the group sitting on mattresses. In this confessional moment, participants claimed to have become more aware about emotional nodes that constrain their personality and to also feel more empowered for being able to exteriorize these nodes.
The impor- tance of confession cannot be underestimated: Drawing from a developmental perspective, the therapist led the group to regress emotionally, prior to taking it to affirm posi- tive traits of personality.
This regressive-progressive process required a protective envi- ronment where participants could feel safe. Thus, despite the con- tinuous encouragement for expressing negative emotions that include aggression, there never was physical or emotional abuse, and the therapist tried to make sure that participants respect- fully listened to each other.
The therapist skillfully led the person to under- mine his or her own position, gradually unveiling emotional flaws underlying spurious rationalizations, until the person admitted his or her own inner frailties. Rather than intellectual debate, sharing was the predominant genre.
One incident illustrates the sentimental, controlled, yet ethno- centric nature of sannyasin therapies. Participants were required to mimic childhood situations in which their parents abused them emotionally or were interpreted as such. The group then plunged into simultaneously screaming in multiple languages.
Each participant gestured aggressively as if reprimanding an invisible child. We are now sharing experiences. Anyone else? That was not a space for rational debate but rather for emotional empathy.
For research purposes, however, I had inadvertently hit into a vexing issue at the OIMR, referring to the limits of Western ideologies of subjectivity formation in addressing individuals of other cultural backgrounds, particularly Indians a topic to be resumed in this article. Some remarks about the efficacy of expressive therapies are pertinent. Most participants reported some form of psychological gain at the end of the workshops I attended and asked about: Yet in private, other participants seemed more skeptical.
They claimed that workshops were generally positive but that some individuals exaggerated in their performance, expectations, and perceived benefits. Moreover, psychological benefits were derived from the often-ignored social function of workshops, which cre- ated opportunities for interpersonal interaction. Those who did not attend workshops tended to remain isolated in the vastness of the resort.
Finally, although many participants did not follow Osho, everyone agreed that therapy was accessory to meditation, the ultimate practice for spiritual development. Sannyasins were pounded with the idea that they ought to express their emo- tions and opinions as a proof of their inner authenticity. As previously seen, within therapeutic settings, expression was monitored and shaped by the therapist according to his or her design. In other words, a basic contradiction between the ideological pressure for self-expression and the institutional control of cen- trifugal behavior permeated daily life in the OIMR.
This contrac- tion is examined in the following subsections. As a methodological remark, I deliberately chose dramatic examples that more explic- itly evince such contradiction between expression and control. These incidents usually involve foreign visitors interacting in liminal spaces e. Without the protection of homeland symbolism which holds the self together , the subject becomes exposed to uncon- scious pressures that alter cognitive, affective, and behavioral processes.
More than a therapy procedure, being expressive was highly valued and pervasively expected. And in parallel, formal politeness and other social conventions were suspiciously seen as symptoms of a repressed personality.
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Their interactions therefore tended to be extremely can- did, either affectionate or aggressive, and minor confrontations over minor issues abounded. As another consequence of this ideological pressure being exerted in a remote country, most visitors reported some form of emotional hardship during their stay in Pune.
This was particularly noticeable during midweek afternoons, when cathartic workshops that started on Monday peaked around Wednesday.
Observing the number of distressed faces wandering through the resort, a Western informant who regularly attended these workshops noted: You see all these people in the ashram.
They look unhappy and miserable. And all these fights.
They behave like assholes here because they cannot be like that at home. So this is a relatively safe environment to behave like that, without suf- fering serious consequences.
In this sense, to be peaceful at home, one ought to be aggressive in Pune. Because of this intense emotional work, visitors devel- oped unusual forms of behavior, reasoning, and sociability.
This could be inferred from answers given to trivial statements. I invited someone for a coffee and heard: Some individuals reported paranormal experiences or implied to have achieved some form of spiritual enlightenment.
This very unlikely claim was informally made during a break of a cathartic workshop. The gate- men took him to a psychiatrist downtown and left him there, alone. During the appointment, he recovered his ordinary facul- ties, as if returning from a trance state.
The young man refused to pay and angrily returned to the resort, but he was not allowed in. His meditation pass had been taken away. Next morning, he met with two supervisors, an Indian and a German man. You have to follow the rules here. More generally, consular psychiatrists have suggested that long-term travel through mythic lands India, Israel, Greece, Paris may trigger mild or acute episodes of psychosis that efface as soon as the subject returns home Airault, ; Hacking, In sum, eccentric behavior and abrasive interactions between visitors and resort leaders were not rare.
Despite its remarketing as a trendy meditation resort, the organization still employed control mechanisms typically verified in total institutions Carter, ; Gordon, In other words, the OIMR paradoxically pro- moted and controlled idiosyncrasy. It incited individuals to express their inner selves, sometimes resulting in the temporary derailment of structured personalities psychic deterritorializa- tion.
However, when these episodes spun out of the therapeutic setting, the organization imposed harsh discipline. Although forms of transmission and pro- tection have been identified, testing has remained since then, and it is a condition for entering the resort or any other Osho center around the world. More recently, however, some sannyasins have suggested its discontinuation, but therapists remarked that visitors feel more at ease in therapeutic settings in which physical contact with strangers is common.
Therefore, for the time being, the Inner Circle decided to maintain the testing procedure. It symbolically reinforced a space of liminality in which sannyasins felt detached from the mundane world outside. Yet HIV testing also fed rumors about sexual promiscuity and orgies among san- nyasins.
It is true that many visitors welcomed the possibility of casual sexual encounters; nonetheless, in relation to its counter- cultural past, the community was considerably more conservative in terms of sexual activity. As a result, rumors and misrepresen- tations created embarrassing situations, the analysis of some of which exposes the nature and limit of countercultural practices of self-formation.
Indians composed the largest national group of sannyasins at the OIMR during the s. However, they were largely absent from therapy workshops. It was commonplace in the resort that Indians were socialized in a culture with very different condi- tionings.
Sannyasin therapists claimed that cathartic workshops did not work well with Indians and could even traumatize them. Osho himself reinforced the ori- entalist stereotype: Nonetheless, rather than accepting these statements at face value, it is necessary to examine the political and ideological foun- dations that sustain such therapeutic apartheid.
Sannyasin therapists worried when Indians, mostly males, applied to participate in workshops. At screening interviews, they required Indians to attend, first, other basic workshops that emphasize spiritual and mental aspects over physical ones. They eventually excluded some applicants regardless of nationality, but Indian males were apparently the only group profiled in terms of nationality and gender.
Another factor underlying the therapeutic apartheid stemmed from recurrent complaints by women that Indian men persistently stalked them. Many Indian men understood Western women, par- ticularly sannyasin ones, as being more sexually available than their Indian counterparts. Therapists thus inspected their motiva- tions for wanting to join workshops involving issues of body, sen- suality, and sexuality, such as Tantra and Reichian therapies.
It was not that Western men were not interested in sex, but the dif- ference lied in which courtship strategies were deemed appropriate and which were not. To wit, some Indian men were fully integrated into the multinational populace of the resort. Yet they had to adapt to Western tastes and dispositions, reframing these in hybrid ways.
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Under these postcolonial conditions, their Indianness became an attractive asset. Indian women rarely participated in therapy workshops but were more easily admitted once the therapist verified that they understand standard procedures, such as touching, sensual movements, confrontation, sharing, and so on. For younger ones, the OIMR provided a space where they could break away from rigorous gender and familial expectations Basnet, ; Goldman, ; Palmer, By isolating gender as a variable of analysis, it becomes clear that the issue at stake is not sex but rather subjectivity: As mentioned, sannyasins claimed that Indians also suffer repression; however, they also believed that sannyasin therapies are ineffective to Indian nationals.
It could be speculated that, as India modern- izes, cathartic therapies may become more functional for its stressed city dwellers. However, the answer is not that simple. Unlike Westerners in general, Indians rarely lash out against their parents or social institutions. Thus, for the time being, rather than a human labora- tory as suggested at the start-up session , Indians experienced the resort as a playful garden. Through a process of modern gentrification, a new demographic profile has been noticed: A smaller number of wealthier, mainstream visitors have replaced former countercultural sannyasins.
In the post- Osho scenario, the resort has adapted to legal and cultural struc- tures of Pune, India, and the West to secure its survival. Any practice that could be seen as socially transgressive was banned e. More widely, despite modern transportation and communication lines, neoliberal capitalism has imposed new difficulties—notably, the decline of labor, wages, and welfare protection—thus preventing Western sannyasins from staying in India for extended periods.
In the meantime, the rise of a new Indian middle class sustains a growing proportion of nationals at the OIMR.
As a result, the decline of the therapeutic apartheid is likely to be noticed in years to come. This article has examined some of the practices and disposi- tions by which sannyasins seek to transform the modern self. In therapy workshops and daily interactions, they manifest a critical concern with affection and sociability.
These are the basic issues that trouble their personalities and that Osho was contin- ually asked to address in interviews and speeches. In their view, social order obstructs personal development by means of repres- sion.
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By combining therapy and meditation, sannyasins claim that it is possible to neutralize these power-knowledge forms that constrain the self, reconfigur- ing it, at least to a certain extent. The overemphasis on topics of repression, expression, and confession conceals the fact that power not only represses the modern subject but also produces certain experiences and understand- ings about the self Foucault, In the sannyasin context, these psycho- logical tools are informed by a countercultural philosophy that criticizes modern life and seeks to engender a more holistic, expressive, and reflexive self.
The Western self is a product of a sin- gular configuration of religious, social, and scientific institutions and ideologies that have historically crystallized into an arrange- ment of notions that is constitutive of the Western self: In other words, as different selves are con- stituted within different civilizational regimes, the efficacy of a therapy healing system or self-technique depends on its ability to address deeper categories of subjectivity formation that are characteristic of a given society.
In other words, after repression is lifted, the subject is confronted with the ethical question of what to do with freedom Foucault, With the decline of morality in high modern civilization, one response has been the development of an aesthetics of the self, by which the subject seeks to balance divergent life values of religion, economy, justice, science, war, eroticism, etc.
The New Age coalescence of magic, religion, science, art, and leisure is indicative of new forms of subjectivity and sociality that have the potential to be more dynamic, balanced, or holistic.
NOTES 1. This estimate is based on the number of new registrations processed daily at the Welcome Center: This estimate does not include tourists who see the resort in 2-hour tours.
In this talk Osho plants the seeds of what is to become a worldwide sannyas movement. He sits in an orange armchair in the far corner of the room, legs crossed, the novel resting lightly on one knee. Apart from the single chair, a shelf of books, and a wide bed that lies close to the floor like a futon, the room is empty It is early November Osho lives in a single room in a three-bedroom flat in Woodlands, a luxury-apartment complex in the affluent Malabar Hill section of Bombay.
He wrote what was to become a unique account of a master-disciple relationship and life around an Enlightened Master. To order the book go to: www.
When you laugh, no-mind comes about effortlessly. It is a document of great love, the love of Osho for this world, for this life, encouraging each one of us to find our own Self.Tantra will become bad. At an anthropological level, nonetheless, their performance contributed to homogenize behavior.
Original work published Osho. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, Vol. From a very early person who weds the spirituality of the Buddha with the materialism of Zorba age, Rajneesh reports having various ecstatic experiences, finally achieving "full the Greek. Said, E. A Pragmatic Study of Media Texts: Another factor underlying the therapeutic apartheid stemmed from recurrent complaints by women that Indian men persistently stalked them.
Sahlins, "Cosmologies of Capitalism: